Gum Disease Types
Gingivitis otherwise known as gum disease is the most basic form of gum diseases. Did you know there are more types of gum disease? Gingivitis causes the gums to be red, swollen and bleed easily. At this stage of gum disease there is usually little to no pain. Gingivitis is often caused by poor dental hygiene. Fortunately, gingivitis can be treated with good oral home care and professional care. There are several factors that affect gingivitis such as diabetes, smoking, aging, genetic predisposition, systematic diseases, stress, poor nutrition, puberty, hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, substance abust and HIV infection.
What is Periodontitis?
When gingivitis is untreated; periodontitis can develop. Over time plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. The bacteria from the plaque will produce toxins and irritate the gums. These toxins will develop chronic inflammation response. As a result, the gums start to separate from the teeth and create pockets that become infected. The disease will continue to process and these pockets will deepen and more tissue will be effected and destroyed. Eventually the teeth will become loose and need to be removed.
These are the following forms of periodontitis.
- Aggressive periodontitis- occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy. Common features include rapid attachment loss and bone destruction and familial aggregation.
- Chronic periodontitis-results in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment and bone loss. This is the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis and is characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva. It is prevalent in adults, but can occur at any age. Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur.
- Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases- often begins at a young age. Systemic conditions such as heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes are associated with this form of periodontitis.
- Necrotizing periodontal disease- is an infection characterized by necrosis of gingival tissues, periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. These lesions are most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV infection, malnutrition and immunosuppression.